View_of_Korolev_crater-Study_Probe
(ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO)

We are always get fascinated whenever any space exploration mission does something marvelous, whether it is about exploring the gigantic red spot of Jupiter, or migration of Saturn's moon Titan, or detection of tectonic activity on moon, or anything else. We always yearn whether some wondrous pictures or videos of space exploration surface online.Such an wonderful exploration has been revealed by European Space Agency through a video, uploaded in the official website of ESA on 2 July 2020.

The 17 years old European Space Agency's Mars Express Probe is still doing well, as it has sent some rare footage of northern lowland area of Mars, which surprised the scientists as well as the astronomy enthusiasts.

The imagery reveal that the Korolev Crater in northern lowland of Mars is one of the biggest reservoir of 'non-polar water ice' on Martian surface. Scientists believe it could be a source of water on Mars, which might indicate a bright possibility of human colonization in Mars in future.

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How does the view recorded?


Korolev Crater in Mars | Video Courtesy : ESA

The breathtaking view has recorded by the mosaic combined scan of the Martian surface. The high resolution stereo camera sensor, onboard the Mars Express probe, obtained the mosaic images from the nadir channel and colour channel of the camera. The nadir channel is aligned perpendicular to the to the Martian surface. The obtained mosaic images were then accumulated with other topographic information of Mars in order to generate the stunning three dimensional view of landscape.


A brief about Mars Express mission

Mars Express mission is a space exploration mission, conducted by European Space Agency (ESA) which is exploring the Mars. It is the first ever planetary mission, conducted by ESA, which was launched on 2 June 2003, and was inserted into Mars' orbit on 25 December 2003, almost six moths later. Ever since it is sending back data about Mars till now.


What's about the Korolev Crater?

Korolev crater is located in the northern lowland of Mars, just south of the Olympia Undae dune field which partially surrounds the north pole of Mars. It is nearly 82 kilometres (or 51 miles) wide, and the ice it contains, is surprisingly almost 1.8 kilometres (or 1.12 miles) deep below its rim, as presumed. Scientists also reveal that the ice seems to be filled all over the year. It is likely to be a 'natural cold trap', one of the biggest non-polar ice reservoir of Mars.

In this regard, it is important to mention that, the Korolev crater was named after Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, the chief of Soviet rocket engineer. He is famous known as 'father of Russian space technology'.



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